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Golf Australia Express : GA Express 240
THE FIRST known Rules of Golf were drawn up in 1744 in Edinburgh for the world's first 'open' golf competition at Leith by the Gentlemen Golfers of Edinburgh, who would go on to become The Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers. The rules were drawn up at the behest of the City of Edinburgh Council, who had presented the silver club prize and insisted there had to be rules for the competition. The competition was open to all gentlemen golfers in Britain, but only local players participated. The 13 rules under the heading “Articles and Laws in Playing at Golf” [see sidebar, right] were signed by John Rattray, captain of the Leith golfers, and cover matters of order of play, outside interference, water hazards, holing out, making a stroke, and the stroke and distance penalty for the loss of a ball, most of which remain an integral part of the game today. On May 14, 1754, the golfers at St Andrews, who would later become the Royal & Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, adopted the Leith rules for their own competition. For centuries, the original written rules were thought lost, but in 1937 they were re-discovered on two pages at the back of a minute book of the Honourable Company. E it happened this week in... 1754 R&A ADOPTS THE RULES OF GOLF WORDS BY BRENDAN JAMES 1. You must Tee your Ball within a Club's length of the Hole. 2. Your Tee must be upon the Ground. 3. You are not to change the Ball which you Strike off the Tee. 4. You are not to remove Stones, Bones or any Break Club, for the sake of playing your Ball, Except upon the fair Green and that only / within a Club's length of your Ball. 5. If your Ball comes among watter, or any wattery filth, you are at liberty to take out your Ball & bringing it behind the hazard and Teeing it, you may play it with any Club and allow your Adversary a Stroke for so getting out your Ball. 6. If your Balls be found any where touching one another, You are to lift the first Ball, till you play the last. 7. At Holling, you are to play your Ball honestly for the Hole, and not to play upon your Adversary's Ball, not lying in your way to the Hole. 8. If you should lose your Ball, by it's being taken up, or any other way, you are to go back to the Spot, where you struck last, & drop another Ball, And allow your adversary a Stroke for the misfortune. 9. No man at Holling his Ball, is to be allowed, to mark his way to the Hole with his Club, or anything else. 10. If a Ball be stopp'd by any Person, Horse, Dog or anything else, The Ball so stop'd must be play'd where it lyes. 11. If you draw your Club in Order to Strike, & proceed so far in the Stroke as to be e Accounted a Stroke. 12. He whose Ball lyes farthest from the Hole is obliged to play first. 13. Neither Trench, Ditch or Dyke, made for the preservation of the Links, nor the Scholar's Holes, or the Soldier's Lines, Shall be accounted a Hazard; But the Ball is to be taken out teed /and play'd with any Iron Club. John Rattray, Capt ARTICLES AND LAWS IN PLAYING AT GOLF
GA Express 239
GA Express 241